Cell Phone Progression

Cell progression

Since the middle of the last century, engineers have been trying to find that Holy Grail in mobile communication – a hand held phone device not tethered to any wires. Remember the Bat Phone? That rotary phone in Batman’s Bat mobile? Although some companies have developed phone devices that are car-based, none were what you can call mobile. It all came into reality in 1973 when Motorola engineer Martin Cooper the first real cell phone call to his rival Joel Engels, an engineer at Bell Labs.

The 1980’s

It was not until a decade later that infrastructure for a cellular network was completed based on the analog 1G system. Motorola then introduced the first cell phone – the DynaTAC cellular phone. It was affectionately called the “Brick” due to its design and weight of about 2 pounds. At that weight, customers needed weight training in order to carry these phones around with them all day. To own one, you had to shell around $4,000. In 1989 Motorola released the MicroTAC, the first flip phone. It utilized a hinged design, thereby reducing the size and weight and can be carried in a person’s jacket.

The 1990’s

The 90’s saw the emergence of the Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM), or 2G, spectrum which ushered in the era of digital communication. In 1992 Motorola introduced the International 3200, the first digital handheld phone. Nokia soon followed with its Nokia 101, a bar type cell phone that sports an LCD screen.

Throughout the 90’s, competition was primarily between Nokia and Motorola. Although up to this point, cell phones were primarily used only for talking. What they tried to do was to come out with designs that appealed to the customers. Motorola concentrated on their hinged design and came out with clamshell models such as the StarTAC.

Nokia, on the other hand, started the much desired candy bar series of cell phones like the Nokia 3100 series, 3300, and the 5100. They also introduced models that were instant hits like the Nokia 8100. Nokia’s foray into the smartphone began with the Nokia Communicator 9000 and the 9110i.

The 2000’s

With 3G, cell phones started to integrate web browsing capabilities, albeit mostly in text only forms and using WAP technology. Cell phones started to integrate the functionalities of a Personal Digital Assistant. Foremost among these were the Blackberry series from RIM.

During this decade, the cell phone began to emerge as an accessory to a person’s personality. This decade also saw the total acceptance to the concept of text messaging. Cell phones began arriving with quirky QWERTY keyboard designs that makes text messaging easier.

Although touchscreen phones, such as the Erickson P800, were already in the market, the introduction of the Apple iPhone in 2008 saw a complete shift in the acceptance of the consumer on what a cell phone should be. It sported a touch screen that covers the entire face of the cell phone, there were no keys and apps were introduced to add functionalities to your device. Pretty soon, other manufacturers such as Samsung started introducing cell phones that have similar technologies.

Today, cell phones have more computing power than computers of the 90’s and are starting to replace certain gadgets that were deemed important in the past. Shrinking sizes, shrinking prices and more functionalities are what sells cell phone today.

How Long Do People Keep Their Cell Phones For And Why

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How many years have you had your current cell phone for? Are you someone who loves to upgrade every year, swapping your device for the newest and coolest smartphone available? Or are you a bit more old-fashioned, preferring to stretch it out and keep your technology a few years behind to save some cash? We all have our own cell phone purchasing preferences, and the same differences apply in how long we each keep our phones. With new phones, new advancements in cellular tech, and ever increasing reasons to upgrade, the average length of a cell phone’s lifespan may surprise you.

In 2014, 143 million cell phones were sold in the United States – and 90 percent of those brand-new phones were smartphones, according to Recon Analytics. As high as these numbers may seem, they aren’t as high as they have been in previous years. In 2013, 25 million more new cell phones were sold. And the numbers were only higher in the years before 2013. So, analysts point out that more and more individuals are keeping their cell phones for longer periods of time, leading to a decrease in sales – but why are people keeping their phones for longer lengths?

Price plays a big role in the cell phone choice. As phones become increasingly “smarter” and more high-tech, capable of accomplishing so much than the cell phones of five years ago, they become increasingly expensive to purchase. Instead of being able to replace a cell phone for free, or for just $100 or $200 every couple of years, the price of a new cell phone is closer to $500 or $600 today. Because of this, many smartphone users decide it isn’t worth the great expense to have a brand new phone every year – it’s more fiscally responsible to wait until service providers offer incentives to upgrade, or discounts on pricey phones.

Another interesting factor in the length of a cell phone’s lifespan with its owner is how quickly its technology becomes obsolete. In the year span between 2013 and 2014, the number of cell phones that were purchased because the owner’s previous phone became obsolete jumped from 15 percent to 35 percent – an incredibly high increase. During that same timespan, the number of cell phones replaced every two years fell from 40 percent to a mere 16 percent. Why the change? Well, many service providers have come to end their two-year contract policies, and have stopped offering their customers the opportunity to upgrade for free (or for a steep discount) every two years. So, as a result, customers had no reason to hand over their old cell phones every two years.

Instead, the end of the two-year cell phone upgrade cycle signaled the rise in the number of consumers who keep their phones longer. With no incentive to upgrade, and no time limit on how long they could keep their phone, consumers began hanging onto their phones until the technology deemed it time to upgrade. In an effort to save money, and to get the most out of their phones, consumers are now keeping smartphones until they can no longer stand the outdated technology.

Smart Phones Explained

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Gone are the days wherein a telephone is used solely for calling. A phone that can be used as a camera, a computer, a game console, a radio, and a map all at the same time was once a far-fetched idea that we only saw in science fiction movies. Now, it is within our reach. What we call in modern times as smart phone has already saturated almost every country in the world.

But what really is a smart phone? Here are basic things we need to know about this high-tech gadget that is now a must-have personal device.

Operating System

Unlike its previous mobile phone versions, smart phones runs through an operating system (OS) that enables the phone to do multiple functions. The OS differs depending on the manufacturer of the phone. Examples are Apple’s iPhone OS, Google’s Android, Nokia’s Symbian, Research in Motion’s (RIM’s) Blackberry, and Microsoft’s Windows Phone.

Memory and Storage

When it comes to storage, smart phones have expanded memory and they can store data in external devices, like microSD cards. This enables smart phones to save as many contacts, messages, photos, and files.

Special Features

State-of-the-art mobile phones use touchscreen technology which makes it easy to navigate from one application to another. Message composition can be done using the typical phone keypad or a QWERTY keyboard. Smart phones can easily connect with a computer or laptop using the USB port. They can also transfer data through Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. These phones also have security and accessibility features and can help in tracking through GPS.

Multiple Functions and Applications

Smart phones have a capability to send and receive e-mail, keep track of events and appointments through a calendar, compute figures with the use of the calculator, record videos, images and sounds, and other functions. You can even track your food with a food diary app or go on a diet. Most phones have built in camera, flashlight, alarm clock, while additional features can be added by downloading various applications covering games, business, health and wellness, messengers, books and references, family, entertainment, lifestyle, and other categories.

With the several functions and applications it can perform, smart phones often sacrifice the battery life. The more apps are used, the faster the battery is drained. As flaws are detected, smart phone developers always come up with solutions to such problems. Mobile phones upgrade faster as newer and more updated versions come out each year.

Top Phone Apps to Help You Lose Weight

apps

Sometimes, there’s no better ally than your phone – the device that helps you perform quick searches on any topic or question; that helps you book any number of appointments, or call any individual, with the press of a button; that helps you keep tabs on everyone in your life with a host of intelligent and social apps. Your smartphone can also help you keep tabs on your weight, and help you track your progress as you work on both your diet and fitness habits through an endless selection of health-friendly apps. With so many to choose from, though, how can you possibly tell which apps are best? And how do you know that a simple app will really help you progress on your weight loss journey?

There’s good news when it comes to the science behind weight loss and smartphones – according to Dr. John P. Higgins, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Texas, our smartphones really do make a difference when we’re working to lose weight. Typically, feeling alone and isolated from friends and family lead us to feel unsupported in our dieting efforts; with the advent of smartphone apps, we can easily find connections and coaching from virtual allies. So, if you need an extra boost, or some online support, apps are a great ally. Consider choosing one of the following as you work on losing those extra pounds.

MyFitnessPal

Both a calorie counter and a kind of social media platform, MyFitnessPal allows users to keep track of their diets, their exercise, and their friends. With this app, you can log every single snack, drink, and meal – with its incredible database, there are calories counts and varied serving sizes available for nearly every food, restaurant meal, and recipe. You can even use its barcode scanner to get a more accurate count for your own homemade concoctions. As an added bonus, you can link your account with your friends’ profiles to hear words of encouragement as you progress.

Fooducate

If you want to see exactly how healthy your daily choices are, download Fooducate. This app, which allows you to log every meal and input your physical stats, ranks every meal you eat (or log) based on your health goals. Hoping to lose weight? The app will tell you how you can improve your next meal in order to ingest fewer calories, or more vegetables. Want to track your water intake? This app can help you reach various food goals, all while offering helpful suggestions as to how you can take your healthy habits one step further.

Nike Training Club

If you’re working to lose weight by increasing your workouts and their intensity – or, perhaps to even begin working out for the first time – try the Nike Training Club app. This smartphone workout buddy offers more than unique workouts that can be performed anywhere; it also allows you to work with professional Nike workout instructors rather than fitness newbies. You’ll receive a wealth of advice from Nike professionals, pro athletes, celebrity trainers, and fellow workout buffs – and you can change and set your own requirements and limitations, making sure you don’t wind up toning when you’re in need of cardio.

The Environmental Impact Of Cell Phones

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Over the last decades, when cellular phones have become a popular accessory all over the world, billions of units have already been produced and more are still being manufactured. With the fast upgrade of mobile phones and consumers change cell phone units every year or so, billions have also been thrown away.

The Truth Is In The Numbers

Before we get into the hazards these products bring to our environment, let us take a look into some of the numbers on cell phone production. There are 4.1 billion cell phone subscriptions worldwide. They are bigger and heavier now than a small period where they were trying to get smaller. Every year in the U.S., 130 million cell phones are being retired, an increase of 40 times more compared to the statistics generated in 1990. This converts to 65,000 tons of garbage per year on mobile phones alone.

In a year that we use our cell phones, it consumes 4,221 Mega joules of energy, which is equal to 32 gallons of gas, and discharges 112 Kilograms of carbon dioxide. If all cell phone users are not conscious on the use of their cell phones and leave it charged all day, the electricity wasted would be able to power 28,000 homes.

What Our Cell Phones Are Made Of

Getting the raw materials that make up a cellular phone and manufacturing them take up so much energy already. Much more when it is in use. The wastage never stops even when it is thrown away.

Toxic materials are embedded in cellular phones. There are lead, beryllium, and nickel content in the circuit boards. Mercury, a highly poisonous substance, can be found in the liquid crystal displays. The batteries also contain hazardous metals, like nickel and cadmium. Other harmful metals in various cell phone parts are arsenic, copper, lithium, and zinc. These elements can corrode and degrade the environment.

So when these cell phones gets into a landfill, the toxic metals may leak and trickle to the earth, and contaminate with the soil and groundwater. The worse that may happen is that the hazardous substances may get into the roots of plants and trees, which may get into the food chain and lead to health complications.

Now that we have an overview on the adverse impact of cell phones to our environment, let us learn to reuse and recycle these products and the tiny parts that compose mobile phones.

Why Using Your Bra As A Phone Storage Spot Is A Bad Idea

Cell phone should never be carried in your bra

Nowadays, the bra serves many purposes. Aside from supporting the breasts and keeping your private parts covered, it is also used to tuck away many essential things. Some women would tuck their cash, credit cards, keys, pacifiers and even cellphones inside their bras. After all, it is so convenient to just reach down and pull out your stuff than fish it out from the bag. But is it safe especially if what you are tucking there is your cellphone?

Many people do not realize that cellphones have microwave radiation. If you are wearing your cellphone close to your body every single day then you are exposing yourself to that harmful radiation. Keeping your phones tuck into your bras would mean increasing the risk of developing breast cancer because the radiation would seep into the fatty breast tissues. So not only will your bra be keeping your larger breasts in place, it could also be the cause of something serious such as breast cancer.

One incident is 21-year old Tiffany from the U.S. She is young and healthy with no history of cancer and no breast cancer gene. She was diagnosed with a very aggressive breast cancer. For four years she has kept her cellphone in her bra just like all of her friends. She often does that if she doesn’t have any pocket and she did it because it was convenient and it was easy to feel the phone vibrates if she receives a message or a phone call. They connected the cancer with the cellphone because the location of the tumor is perfectly lined to where the phone is always tucked in, just above her left breast.

The risks are not just limited to women who keeps their cellphone in their bras. It includes men who keep phones attached at their belts or those who keep it in their pockets for an extended period of time as it affects the mineral bone density. Even children and teenagers are at risk for brain tumors or parotid gland tumors if they are frequently using their phones. Although all of these are highly publicize, it is so much better to take precautions than experience the consequences later.

How Young Is Too Young For A Cell Phone?

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This question is currently in the spotlight and is pretty controversial. Mainly because it depends on who you ask, you will get very different answers. Some say that kids under 9 years old should have a cell phone whereas personally, I think that 9 years old is far too young.

Obviously kids at the age of 9 can’t just go into a phone shop and sign up for a 3 year plan and thankfully not. They will need you as their parents to determine what a good age for them is to get their first phone. With many parents allowing their toddlers to play with their phones, kids are now comfortable using phones at a very early age.

So what are the current stats? Well at the moment, approximately 80% of kids between the ages of 12 and 17 have cell phones. That is a very high number in deed!

I think that it really depends on your child. Are they responsible enough to have a cell phone? You will have to decide this for yourself. But if you leave your child in their room or alone for 10 minutes, do they get themselves in trouble? Or are they generally well behaved? Their behaviors are often translated from if they get into trouble or not into their phone behavior.

If someone asked my what my rule of thumb is about when kids should have a cell phone, I would say around 15 years old. But this also depends on where the teenager lives, how they get to school and other safety reasons. Give or take of course depending on the child.

This being said, for goodness sake, don’t get your child a brand new shiny iPhone as you will likely see it broken to bits within a few weeks. Get a second hand phone which is more durable or a hand-me-down.